All essential nutrients

In the first months of life, breast milk is the only source of essential nutrients that babies need for healthy growth. Therefore, it is important for mothers to maintain a healthy, balanced diet during breastfeeding. Include fresh fruits, vegetables, whole-grain products and fish in your diet (at least once a week) so that your baby gets vitamins, minerals, trace elements and essential fatty acids.

According to paediatricians, only vitamin D and fluoride should be given in addition to breast milk as a prophylactic measure. In cases of vitamin D deficiency, the integration of calcium into the bones is affected and this could cause future problems in life. In some places, where sunlight is very scarce, dermatologists advise against intense sun exposure during the summer. However, babies should receive daily vitamin D in their first year of life.

LCP (Omega 3 & 6)

The LCPs (Omega 3 and Omega 6) play an important role in the development of the brain, nervous system and vision.

LCPs (or LC-PUFA) fatty acids are long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids. They play an important role in the development of the brain, nervous system and vision. The most important LCP fatty acids for healthy development are arachidonic acid (AA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). These are also found in breast milk.

Omega-3 is important for the development of brain and nerve cells, especially during childhood. Because the brain grows and matures in the first two years of life, regular intake of omega-3 fatty acids is essential: 0.5% of a baby's daily energy needs should be covered by omega-3 fatty acids.

Natural lactic acid cultures

Breast milk contains several lactic acid producing microorganisms (probiotics) that help babies develop a healthy intestinal flora. The mother passes these protective acid cultures to the baby through breast milk. The natural protective cultures in breast milk settle in the intestine and prevent the spread of germs or unwanted pathogens. Thus, babies can develop a special protective shield, because 70% of the immune system is in the intestine.

Dietary fiber from breast milk

The dietary fibres in breast milk (breast milk oligosaccharides) serve as food to create the protective lactic acid cultures, contributing to a healthy intestinal flora.

Other valuable protective components in breast milk

With breast milk, a baby gets other essential components that contribute to its healthy development.

A few examples:

  • Antibodies (Immunoglobulins) or Lysozymes: these act directly against the bacteria.
  • Antioxidants: help defend the body against infection.
  • Lactoferrins: help the body absorb iron and also fight bacteria.
  • The full functions of some components of breast milk are not yet known.
  • Many other ingredients have not yet been researched.